高三网 试题库 作文库 大学库 专业库

当前位置: 高三网 > 高中英语单词 > 正文

高中英语常见短语和固定搭配汇总

2018-02-09 16:06:44文/叶丹

高中英语短语和固定搭配有哪些,考试中常考的固定搭配有哪些?下面是小编整理的常考短语,欢迎阅读。

高中英语短语和固定搭配

高考英语短文改错套路十点高中英语语法填空十三招高考英语作文写什么字体好高考英语考试时间如何分配

高中英语必备词组短语和固定搭配294个

1.in the long run 从长远来看,最后

2.on offer 在出售中

3.choose from... 从...中挑选

4.be curious about... 对...感到好奇

5.confront with... 使面临, 使面对

6.with interest 有兴趣地

7.an average of ... 平均是...

8.at high altitudes 在很高的地方

9.draw one’s attention 吸引某人的注意

10.focus on 集中

11.in years to come 在未来的几年内

12.as a matter of fact 实际上

13.adopt a positive approach 采取一种正确的方法

14.wait for 等待

15.pass through 经过, 通过

16.a sequence of 一系列的

17.set apart from 把...区分开

18.take ... for granted 以...为骄傲

19.be aware of/that 注意到

20.translate into 翻译成

21.set in 开始

22.intend to do 想要做

23.looking forward to 期望

24.be built from... 用...去建造

25.a wide variety of 很多的

26.at advanced levels 在高级范围内

27.carry out 完成,实施

28.according to 根据

29.aim to do 指望做某事

30.make sacrifices to do 做出牺牲而做

31.in depth 深入地

32.a series of 一系列,一连串

33.above all 首先,尤其是

34.after all 毕竟,究竟

35.ahead of 在...之前

36.ahead of time 提前

37.all at once 突然,同时

38.all but 几乎;除了...都

39.all of a sudden 突然

40.all over 遍及

41.all over again 再一次,重新

42.all the time 一直,始终

43.all the same 仍然,照样的

44.as regards 关于,至于

45.anything but 根本不

46.as a matter of fact 实际上

47.apart from 除...外(有/无)

48.as a rule 通常,照例

49.as a result(of) 因此,由于

50.as far as ...be concerned 就...而言

51.as far as 远至,到...程度

52.as for 至于,关于

53.as follows 如下

54.as if 好像,仿怫

55.as good as 和...几乎一样

56.as usual 像平常一样,照例

57.as to 至于,关于

58.all right 令人满意的;可以

59.as well 同样,也,还

60.as well as 除...外(也),即...又

61.aside from 除...外(还有)

62.at a loss 茫然,不知所措

63.at a time 一次,每次

64.at all 丝毫(不),一点也不

65.at all costs 不惜一切代价

66.at all events 不管怎样,无论如何

67.at all times 随时,总是

68.at any rate 无论如何,至少

69.at best 充其量,至多

70.at first 最初,起先

71.at first sight 乍一看,初看起来

72.at hand 在手边,在附近

73.at heart 内心里,本质上

74.at home 在家,在国内

75.at intervals 不时,每隔...

76.at large 大多数,未被捕获的

77.at least 至少

78.at last 终于

79.at length 最终,终于

80.at most 至多,不超过

81.at no time 从不,决不

82.by accident 偶然

83.at one time 曾经,一度;同时

84.at present 目前,现在

85.at sb's disposal 任...处理

86.at the cost of 以...为代价

87.at the mercy of 任凭...摆布

88.at the moment 此刻,目前

89.at this rate 照此速度

90.at times 有时,间或

91.back and forth 来回地,反复地

92.back of 在...后面

93.before long 不久以后

94.beside point 离题的,不相干的

95.beyond question 毫无疑问

96.by air 通过航空途径

97.by all means 尽一切办法,务必

98.by and by 不久,迟早

99.by chance 偶然,碰巧

100.by far 最,...得多

101.by hand 用手,用体力

102.by itself 自动地,独自地

103.by means of 用,依靠

104.by mistake 错误地,无意地

105.by no means 决不,并没有

106.by oneself 单独地,独自地

107.by reason of 由于

108.by the way 顺便说说

109.by virtue of 借助,由于

110.by way of 经由,通过...方法

111.due to 由于,因为

112.each other 互相

113.even if/though 即使,虽然

114.ever so 非常,极其

115.every now and then 时而,偶尔

116.every other 每隔一个的

117.except for 除了...外

118.face to face 面对面地

119.far from 远非,远离

120.for ever 永远

121.for good 永久地

122.for the better 好转

123.for the moment 暂时,目前

124.for the present 暂时,目前

125.for the sake of 为了,为了...的利益

126.for the time being 暂时,眼下

127.from time to time 有时,不时

128.hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联

129.head on 迎面地,正面的

130.heart and soul 全心全意地

131.how about ...怎么样

132.in a hurry 匆忙,急于

133.in case of 假如,防备

134.in a moment 立刻,一会儿

135.in a sense 从某种意义上说

136.in a way 在某种程度上

137.in a word 简言之,总之

138.in accordance with 与...一致,按照

139.in addition 另外,加之

140.in addition to 除...之外(还)

141.in advance 预先,事先

142.in all 总共,合计

143.in any case 无论如何

144.in any event 无论如何

145.in brief 简单地说

146.in charge of 负责,总管

147.in common 共用的,共有的

148.in consequence(of) 因此;由于

149.in debt 欠债,欠情

150.in detail 详细地

151.in difficulty 处境困难

152.in effect 实际上,事实上

153.in general 一般来说,大体上

154.in favor of 支持,赞成

155.in front of 面对,在...前

156.in half 成两半

157.in hand 在进行中,待办理

158.in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念

159.in itself 本质上,就其本身而言

160.in line with 与...一致

161.in memory of 纪念

162.in no case 决不

163.in no time 立即,马上

164.in no way 决不

165.in order 按顺序,按次序

166.in other words 换句话说

167.in part 部分地

168.in particular 特别,尤其

169.in person 亲自,本人

170.in place 在合适的位置

171.in place of 代替,取代,交换

172.in practice 在实践中,实际上

173.in proportion to 与...成比例

174.in public 公开地,当众

175.in quantity 大量

176.in question 正在谈论的

177.in regard to 关于,至于

178.in relation to 关于,涉及

179.in return 作为报答/回报/交换

180.in return for 作为对...报答

181.in short 简言之,总之

182.in sight 被见到;在望

183.in spite of 尽管

184.in step 齐步,合拍

185.in step with 与...一致/协调

186.in tears 流着泪,在哭着

187.in the course of 在...期间/过程中

188.in the distance 在远处

189.in the end 最后,终于

190.in the event of 如果...发生,万一

191.in the face of 即使;在...面前

192.in the first place 首先

193.in the future 在未来

194.in the least 丝毫,一点

195.in (the)light of 鉴于,由于

196.in the way 挡道

197.in the world 究竟,到底

198.in time 及时

199.in touch 联系,接触

200.in turn 依次,轮流;转而

201.in vain 徒劳,白费力

202.instead of 代替,而不是

203.just now 眼下;刚才

204.little by little 逐渐地

205.lots of 许多

206.many a 许多

207.more or less 或多或少,有点

208.next door 隔壁的,在隔壁

209.no doubt 无疑地

210.no less than 不少于...;不亚于...

211.no longer 不再

212.no more 不再

213.no more than 至多,同...一样不

214.none other than 不是别的,正是

215.on one's guard 警惕,提防

216.nothing but 只有,只不过

217.now and then 时而,偶尔

218.off and on 断断续续,间歇地

219.off duty 下班

220.on a large/small scale 大/小规模地

221.on account of 由于

222.on(an/the) average 平均,通常

223.on behalf of 代表

224.on board 在船(车/飞机)上

225.on business 因公

226.on condition that 如果

227.on duty 上班,值班

228.on earth 究竟,到底

229.on fire 起火着火

230.on foot 步行,

231.on guard 站岗,值班

232.on hand 在场,在手边

233.on occasion(s) 有时,间或

234.on one's own 独立,独自

235.on purpose 故意地

236.on sale 出售,廉价出售

237.on schedule 按时间表,准时

238.on second thoughts 经重新考虑

239.on the contrary 正相反

240.on the grounds of 根据,以...为由

241.on (the) one hand 一方面

242.on the other hand 另一方面

243.on the point of 即将...的时刻

244.on the road 在旅途中

245.on the side 作为兼职/副 业

246.on the spot 在场;马上

247.on the whole 总的来说,大体上

248.on time 准时

249.once again 再一次

250.once(and)for all 一劳永逸地

251.once in a while 偶尔

252.once more 再一次

253.once upon a time 从前

254.one another 相互

255.or else 否则,要不然

256.or so 大约,左右

257.other than 非;除了

258.out of 从...中;由于;缺乏

259.out of breath 喘不过气来

260.out of control 失去控制

261.out of date 过时的

262.out of doors 在户外

263.out of order 出故障的

264.out of place 不适当的

265.out of practice 久不练习,荒疏

266.out of sight 看不见,在视野外

267.out of the question 毫无可能的

268.out of touch 不联系,不接触

269.over and over(again) 一再地,再三地

270.prior at 在...之前

271.quite a few 相当多,不少

272.rather than 不是...(而是)

273.regardless of 不顾,不惜

274.right away 立即,马上

275.side by side 肩并肩,一起

276.so far 迄今为止

277.sooner or later 迟早,早晚

278.step by step 逐步地

279.such as 例如,诸如

280.thanks to 由于,多亏

281.that is (to say) 就是说,即

282.to the point 切中要害,切题

283.under control 处于控制之下

284.under the circumstances 这种情况下

285.up to date 在进行中

286.up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于

287.what if 切合目前情况的

288.what about 怎么样

289.with respect to 如果...将怎么样

290.with regard to 关于,至于

291.without question 关于,至于,

292.with the exception of 除...之外

293.without question 毫无疑问

294.word for word 逐字的

高中英语词组固定搭配

一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的24个常用动词

afford to do sth.负担得起做某事

agree to do sth.同意做某事

arrange to do sth.安排做某事

ask to do sth.要求做某事

beg to do sth.请求做某事

care to do sth.想要做某事

choose to do sth.决定做某事

decide to do sth.决定做某事

demand to do sth.要求做某事

determine to do sth.决心做某事

expect to do sth.期待做某事

fear to do sth.害怕做某事

help to do sth.帮助做某事

hope to do sth.希望做某事

learn to do sth.学习做某事

manage to do sth.设法做某事

offer to do sth.主动提出做某事

plan to do sth.计划做某事

prepare to do sth.准备做某事

pretend to do sth.假装做某事

promise to do sth.答应做某事

refuse to do sth.拒绝做某事

want to do sth.想要做某事

wish to do sth.希望做某事

注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:

aim to do sth.打算做某事

fail to do sth.未能做某事

long to do sth.渴望做某事

happen to do sth.碰巧做某事

hesitate to do sth.犹豫做某事

struggle to do sth.努力做某事

二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词

advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事

allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事

ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事

bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事

beg sb. to do sth.请求某人做某事

cause sb. to do sth.导致某人做某事

command sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事

drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事

elect sb. to do sth.选举某人做某事

encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

expect sb. to do sth.期望某人做某事

forbid sb. to do sth.禁止某人做某事

force sb. to do sth.强迫某人做某事

get sb. to do sth.使(要)某人做某事

hate sb. to do sth.讨厌某人做某事

help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事

intend sb. to do sth.打算要某人做某事

invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

leave sb. to do sth.留下某人做某事

like sb. to do sth.喜欢某人做某事

mean sb. to do sth.打算要某人做某事

need sb. to do sth.需要某人做某事

oblige sb. to do sth.迫使某人做某事

order sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事

permit sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事

persuade sb. to do sth.说服某人做某事

prefer sb. to do sth.宁愿某人做某事

request sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事

remind sb. to do sth.提醒某人做某事

teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事

train sb. to do sth.训练某人做某事

trouble sb. to do sth.麻烦某人做某事

want sb. to do sth.想要某人做某事

warn sb. to do sth.警告某人做某事

wish sb. to do sth.希望某人做某事

注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:

汉语说:“害怕某人做某事”,但英语不说fear sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“拒绝某人做某事”,但英语不说refuse sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“惩罚某人做某事”,但英语不说punish sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“赞成某人做某事”,但英语不说approve sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“通知某人做某事”,但英语不说inform sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“欢迎某人做某事”,但英语不说welcome sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“坚持某人做某事”,但英语不说insist [persist] sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth.。

汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth.。

要表示以上意思,可换用其他表达:

汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.。

汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成wish sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成advise sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“安排某人做某事”,英语可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成demand of sb. to do sth.。

汉语的“感谢某人做某事”,英语可说成thank sb. for doing sth.。

汉语的“祝贺某人做某事”,英语可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.。

汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.。

三、接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的34个常用动词

admit doing sth.承认做某事 advise doing sth.建议做某事

allow doing sth.允许做某事 appreciate doing sth.感激做某事

avoid doing sth.避免做某事 consider doing sth.考虑做某事

delay doing sth.推迟做某事 deny doing sth.否认做某事

discuss doing sth.讨论做某事 dislike doing sth.不喜欢做某事

enjoy doing sth.喜爱做某事 escape doing sth.逃脱做某事

excuse doing sth.原谅做某事 fancy doing sth.设想做某事

finish doing sth.完成做某事 forbid doing sth.禁止做某事

forgive doing sth.原谅做某事 give up doing sth.放弃做某事

imagine doing sth.想象做某事 keep doing sth.保持做某事

mention doing sth.提及做某事 mind doing sth.介意做某事

miss doing sth.错过做某事 pardon doing sth.原谅做某事

permit doing sth.允许做某事 practice doing sth.练习做某事

prevent doing sth.阻止做某事 prohibit doing sth.禁止做某事

put off doing sth.推迟做某事 report doing sth.报告做某事

risk doing sth.冒险做某事 stop doing sth.停止做某事

suggest doing sth.建议做某事 understand doing sth.理解做某事

bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事 catch sb. doing sth.碰上(撞上)某人做某事

discover sb. doing sth.发现某人做某事 feel sb. doing sth.感觉某人做某事

find sb. doing sth.碰上(撞上)某人做某事get sb. doing sth.使某人做某事

have sb. doing sth.使某人做某事 hear sb. doing sth.听见某人做某事

keep sb. doing sth.使某人不停地做某事 listen to sb. doing sth.听某人做某事

look at sb. doing sth.看着某人做某事 notice sb. doing sth.注意到某人做某事

observe sb. doing sth.观察某人做某事 prevent sb. doing sth.阻止某人做某事

see sb. doing sth.看见某人做某事 send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事

set sb. doing sth.使(引起)某人做某事 start sb. doing sth.使某人开始做某事

stop sb. doing sth.阻止某人做某事 watch sb. doing sth.观察某人做某事

五、接动词原形作宾补的11个常用动词

feel sb. do sth.感觉某人做某事 have sb. do sth.使某人做某事

hear sb. do sth.听见某人做某事 let sb. do sth.让某人做某事

listen to sb. do sth.听着某人做某事 look at sb. do sth.看着某人做某事

make sb. do sth.使某人做某事 notice sb. do sth.注意某人做某事

observe sb. do sth.观察某人做某事 see sb. do sth.看见某人做某事

watch sb. do sth.观察某人做某事

六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词

like to do sth / like doing sth.喜欢做某事

love to do sth / love doing sth.喜欢做某事

hate to do sth / hate doing sth.憎恨做某事

prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth.宁可做某事

begin to do sth / begin doing sth.开始做某事

start to do sth / start doing sth.开始做某事

continue to do sth / continue doing sth.继续做某事

can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth.不能忍受做某事

bother to do sth / bother doing sth.麻烦做某事

intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事

attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth.试图做某事

cease to do sth / cease doing sth.停止做某事

七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词

(1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事 remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事

(2) forgetto do sth.忘记要做某事 forget doing sth.忘记曾做过某事

(3) regret to do sth.后悔(遗憾)要做某事 regret doing sth.后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事

(4) try to do sth.设法要做某事 try doing sth.做某事试试看有何效果

(5) mean to do sth.打算做某事 mean doing sth.意味着做某事

(6) can’t help to do sth.不能帮助做某事 can’t help doing sth.禁不住做某事

(7) go on to do sth.做完某事后接着做另一事 go on doing sth.继续做一直在做的事

注:stop to do sth.与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth.中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。

八、可接双宾语的38个常用动词

(1)双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词

award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb.颁奖给某人

bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb.把某物带给某人

hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb.把某物递给某人

lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb.把某物借给某人

mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb.把某物寄给某人

offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb.将某物给某人

owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb.欠某人某物

pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb.把某物递给某人

pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb.付给某人某物(钱)

post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb.把某物寄给某人

read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb.把某物读给某人听

return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb.把某物还给某人

send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb.把某物送给某人

sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb.把某物卖给某人

serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb.拿某物招待某人

show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb.拿某物给某人看

take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb.把某物拿给某人

teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb.教某人某物

tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb.告诉某人某情况

throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb.把某物扔给某人

write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb.给某人写信

(2)双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词

book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb.为某人预定某物

buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.为某人买某物

choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb.为某人选某物

cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb.为某人煮某物

draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb.为某人画某物

fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb.为某人去取某物

find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb.为某人找到某物

fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb.为某人准备某物

get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb.为某人拿来某物

make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb.为某人做某物

order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb.为某人订购某物

pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb.为某人采摘某物

prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb.为某人准备某物

save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb.为某人留某物

sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb.为某人唱某物(歌)

spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb.为某人让出某物

steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb.为某人偷某物

注:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义相同,如bring,play等:

Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today’s paper to [for] me.把今天的报纸拿给我。

He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us.他放了他刚买的唱片给我们听。

有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,即可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义不同,如leave等:

They left me no food. = They left no food for me.他们没给我留一点食物。

My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me.

我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。

而有的动词后接双宾语时,既不能用介词to引出间接宾语,也不能用介词for引出间接宾语,如allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive, refuse等:

He allows his son too much money.他给他儿子的钱太多。

He asked me some questions.他问了我一些问题。

This caused me much trouble.着给我带来了许多麻烦。

He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea.他一杯茶向我要了5美元。

His mistake cost him his job.他的错误让他丢了工作。

I envy you your good luck.我羡慕你的好运。

They forgave him his rudeness.他们原谅了他的鲁莽。

He refused her nothing.她要什么就给什么。

九、可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的8个常见动词

accuse sb. of sth.控告某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事

cheat sb. fo sth.骗取某人某物

cure sb. of sth.治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯

inform sb. of sth.通知某人某情况(事)

remind sb. of sth.使某人想起某情况(事)

rid sb. of sth.使某人摆脱某物

rob sb. of sth.抢劫某人的某东西

warn sb. of sth.警告某人有某情况

十、可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的8个常见动词

blame sb. for doing sth.指责某人做某事

criticize sb. for doing sth.批评某人做某事

forgive sb. for doing sth.原谅某人做某事

excuse sb. for doing sth.原谅某人做某事

pardon sb. for doing sth.原谅某人做某事

punish sb. for doing sth.惩罚某人做某事

scold sb. for doing sth.指责(责备)某人做某事

thank sb. for doing sth.感谢某人做某事

十一、可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的9个常见动词

cheat sb. into doing sth.欺骗某人做某事 trick sb. into doing sth.欺骗某人做某事

food sb. into doing sth.欺骗某人做某事 force sb. into doing sth.迫使某人做某事

argue sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事 talk sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事

terrify sb. into doing sth.威胁某人做某事 frighten sb. into doing sth.吓唬某人做某事

persuade sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事

十二、容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物动词

误:deal a problem 正:deal with a problem处理问题

误:depend sb. 正:depend on sb.依靠(依赖)某人

误:insist doing sth. 正:insist on doing sth.坚持要做某事

误:knock the door 正:knock on [at] the door敲门

误:operate sb. 正:operate on sb.为某人做手术

误:participate sth. 正:participate in sth.参加某事

误:refer sth. 正:refer to sth.查阅(参考)某物

误:rely sb. / sth. 正:rely on sb. / sth.依靠(依赖)某人(某物

误:reply a letter 正:reply to a letter回信

注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可能及物,如insist, reply等动词后可接宾语从句,operate表示“操作”、“管理”等时则及物。

十三、容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词

误:serve for sb. 正:serve sb.为某人服务

误:marry with sb. 正:marry sb.与某人结婚

误:discuss about sth. 正:discuss sth.讨论某事

误:mention about sth. 正:mention sth.提到某事

误:enter into a room 正:enter a room进入房间

误:contact with sb. 正:contact sb.与某人联系

误:equal to sth. 正:equal sth.等于某物

误:ring to sb. 正:ring sb.给某人打电话

注:有个别词在用于其他意义时,可以是不及物的,如enter into可以表示开始进入或从事某一状态或活动,或用于较抽象的概念。如:

The country entered into a state of war.这个国家进入战争状态。

I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father.我理解你失去父亲后的心情。

The two old men entered into a long conversation.两位老人开始长谈起来。

十四、17个常用“be+形容词+about”结构

be angry about为……生气 be anxious about为……担忧

be careful about当心…… be certain about确信……

be curious about对……好奇 be disappointed about对……失望

be excited about对……感到兴奋 be glad about对……感到高兴

be happy about为……感到高兴 be hopeful about对……抱有希望

be mad about对……入迷 be nervous about为……感到不安

be particular about对……讲究 be sad about为……而难过

be serious about对……认真 be sure about对……有把握

be worried about为……担忧

十五、10个常用“be+形容词+at”结构

be angry at为……生气 be bad at不善于……

be clever at擅长于…… be disappointed at对……失望

be expert at在……方面是内行 be good at善于……

be mad at对……发怒 be quick at在……方面敏捷

be skilful at在……方面熟练 be slow at在……方面迟钝

十六、18个常用“be+形容词+for”结构

be anxious for渴望 be bad for对……有害,对……不利

be bound for前往 be celebrated for以……出名

be convenient for对……方便,在……附近 be eager for渴望

be famous for因……闻名 be fit for合适,适合

be good for对……有益(方便) be grateful for感谢

be hungry for渴望得到 be late for迟到

be necessary for对……有必要 be ready for为……准备好

be sorry for因……抱歉 be suitable for对……合适(适宜)

be thankful for因……而感激 be well-known for以……出名

十七、6个常用“be+形容词+from”结构

be absent from缺席,不在 be different from与……不同

be far from离……远,远远不 be free from没有,免受

be safe from没有……的危险 be tired from因……而疲劳

十八、13个常用“be+形容词+in”结构

be concerned in与……有关 be disappointed in对(某人)感到失望

be engaged in从事于,忙于 be experienced in在……方面有经验

be expert in在……方面是行家 be fortunate in在……方面幸运

be honest in在……方面诚实 be interested in对……感兴趣

be lack in缺乏 be rich in富于,在……方面富有

be skilful in擅长于 be successful in在……方面成功

be weak in在……方面不行

十九、18个常用“be+形容词+of”结构

be afraid of害怕 be ashamed of为……感到羞愧

be aware of意识到,知道 be capable of能够,可以

be careful of小心,留心 be certain of确信,对……有把握

be fond of喜欢 be free of没有,摆脱

be full of充满 be glad of为……而高兴

be nervous of害怕 be proud of为……自豪

be short of缺乏 be shy of不好意思

be sick of对……厌倦 be sure of肯定,有把握

be tired of对……厌烦 be worthy of只得,配得上

二十、20个常用“be+形容词+to”结构

be accustomed to习惯于 be blind to对……视而不见

be close to靠近,接近 be cruel to对……残酷,对……无情

be devoted to献身,专心于 be equal to等于,能胜任

be familiar to为(某人)所熟悉 be harmful to对……有危害

be important to对……重要p; be open to对……开放,易受到

be opposed to反对,不赞成 be opposite to在……对面,和……相反

be polite to对……有礼貌 be related to与……有关(是亲戚)

be respectful to尊敬 be rude to对……无礼

be similar to与……相似 be true to忠实于,信守

be used to习惯于 be useful to对……有用

二十一、16个常用“be+形容词+with”结构

be angry with对(某人)生气 be bored with对……厌烦

be busy with忙于 be careful with小心

be concerned with关于,与……有关 be content with以……为满足

be delighted with对……感到高兴 be disappointed with对(某人)失望

be familiar with熟悉,精通 be honest with对(某人)真诚

be ill with患……病 be patient with对(某人)有耐心

be pleased with对……满意(高兴) be popular with受……欢迎

be satisfied with对……满意 be strict with对(某人)严格

二十二、24个常用“in+其他词+of”结构

in advance of在……前面 in aid of帮助

in behalf of为了,为了……的利益 in case of如果,万一,以防

in celebration of庆祝 in charge of负责,管理

in commemoration of纪念,庆祝 in defence of保卫

in explanation of解释 in face of面对

in favour of赞成,主张 in front of在……前面

in honor of纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in memory of纪念

in need of需要 in place of代替

in possession of拥有 in praise of称赞

in respect of关于,就……而言 in search of寻找,搜找

in sight of看得见,在看见……的地方 in spite of虽然,尽管

in support of为了支持(拥护)…… in view of鉴于,考虑到

注:同时注意一下相似结构:

in exchange for作为对……的交换 in preparation for为……作准备

in return for作为……的报答 in reward for作为……的报酬

in addition to加之,除……之外 in answer to回答,响应

in contrast to [with]与……形成对比 in opposition to与……相反,反对

in reply to作为对……的回答(答复) in response to回答,响应

in [with] reference to关于 in [with] regard to关于

二十三、27个带to doing sth.的常用结构

1.动词+介词to+动名词

(1) admit to doing sth.承认做了某事

(2) apply to doing sth.适用于做某事

(3) object to doing sth.反对做某事

(4) see to doing sth.负责做某事

(5) stick to doing sth.坚持做某事

(6) take to doing sth.喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事

2.动词+宾语+介词to+动名词

(1) apply oneself to doing sth.专心致力于做某事

(2) devote sth. to doing sth.把……献给做某事

(3) devote oneself to doing sth.献身于做某事

(4) limit sth. to doing sth.把……限制在做某事的范围内

(5) reduce sb. to doing sth.使某人沦为做某事

3.动词+名词+介词to+动名词

(1) give one’s life to doing sth.献身于做某事

(2) give one’s mind to doing sth.专心做某事

(3) have a dislike to doing sth.厌恶做某事

(4) have an eye to doing sth.注意做某事

(5) have an objection to doing sth.反对(反感)做某事

(6) pay attention to doing sth.注意做某事

(7) set one’s mind to doing sth.决心做某事

4.be+形容词+介词to+动名词

(1) be equal to doing sth.等于做某事,能胜任做某事

(2) be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事

(3) be opposed to doing sth.反对做某事

(4) be reduced to doing sth.使某人沦为做某事

(5) be devoted to doing sth.把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事

(6) be limited to doing sth.把……限制在做某事的范围内

5.其他结构+介词to+动名词

(1) get down to doing sth.开始做某事,认真处理某事

(2) look forward to doing sth.盼望做某事

(3) What do you say to doing sth?你认为做某事如何?

推荐阅读

点击查看 高中英语单词 更多内容